Professional coaching provides an ongoing partnership between client and coach, aimed at helping the client generate positive and fulfilling changes to their personal and professional life. Coaches help their clients to improve chosen personal domains, and enhance the overall quality of their life. Coaches are trained to listen, observe, and customize their support to the client’s needs. Coaches seek to elicit solution and strategies from the client, using the client’s creativity and resourcefulness. A coach’s job is to provide support and accountability to enhance the skills, resources, and life quality of their client. Coaching address a variety of life aspects and interests, including personal, career, relationship, spiritual, among others.
The following table compares the aspects of coaching, mentoring, and counseling.
|Target||Deals mostly with a person's present and seeks to guide them into a more desirable future. Coaching can focus on different and multiple aspects of the client's life||Aims to help mentees find and succeed in a profession or career. It seeks to help someone do what the mentor already does successfully||Deals with mental-clinical problems, chronic conditions that interfere with the person's life or physical health, difficulties coping with stressful situations, overcoming addictions, managing chronic illnesses and breaking past barriers that keep them from reaching their goals|
|Type||Co-creative, equal partnership. The coach manages the process, while the client manages the content. The coach helps the clients discover their own answers||Uses the relationship between an older and wiser person and a younger, less-experienced person. A mentor is a wise and trusted counselor or teacher. In mentoring, the mentor has the answers||Therapist diagnose patient's condition, then guide them to modify their behavior|
|Approach||Assumes emotions are natural and normalizes them||Limited to emotional responses of the mentoring parameters (succession, etc.)||Addresses entire spectrum of emotions|
|Method||The coach stands with the client and helps identify challenges. Then the coach works with the client to turn challenges into victories and holds the client accountable to reach desired goals||The mentor allows the mentees to observe their behavior and expertise, will answer questions, and provide guidance and wisdom||The therapist diagnoses the problems, then provides professional expertise, direction and guidelines to give clients a path to healing|